A survey from EEF, the manufacturers’ organisation has demonstrated a clear shift among employers to prioritise apprentices over graduates to gain specialist skills for the future. As a result, Britain’s manufacturers are urging Universities to cast their net much wider to include vocational learners rather than prioritising academic pupils. According to EEF, the data highlights the vital need to meet skills shortages at craft and technician level, as well as bring fresh young talent into the sector. This is partly driven by a rapidly ageing workforce with a significant number of employees expected to retire in the coming years.
Furthermore, with companies still planning to expand despite the economic and political uncertainty in response to shortages of qualified people they are increasingly looking to recruit employees with transferable skills from other industries and sectors to plug hard to fill roles.
“With a lack of technical skills continuing to drive recruitment problems, apprenticeships are firmly in the spotlight to fix this challenge,” says Verity Davidge, head of education and skills policy at EEF. “Offering the perfect mix of technical knowledge, skills and training, apprenticeship programmes are ticking all the right boxes for manufacturers. As a result we are seeing these numbers take off, while graduate programmes are on a downward descent.
“Universities and the wider higher education sector need to be alive to these trends as more and more employers and young people are now opting for vocational pathways that can offer a degree qualification at the end,” she continues. “As such they must open their doors to vocational learners, including T Level students in the near future, and put an end to prioritising academic pupils.”
According to the survey almost three quarters of companies (72 per cent) are planning to recruit apprentices compared to 66 per cent in 2014. But, by contrast, the number now planning to recruit graduates has fallen to 34 per cent compared to 66 per cent in 2014.
The need to bring fresh young talent into manufacturing is highlighted by the fact four fifths of companies say the average age of their workforce is 41 or older whilst almost half of companies expect between 11 per cent and 20 per cent of their workforce to retire in the next decade.
Furthermore, with almost four fifths of vacancies (38 per cent) considered hard to fill in manufacturing employers are increasing their recruitment of people with transferable skills from other industries and sectors. This has increased from just over a third (36 per cent) back in 2014 to almost half (48 per cent).